Sewers, Drainage and Public Utility

Many public works projects were undertaken to improve public health. Relief workers were given jobs constructing and repairing miles of sewers for North Carolina's urban areas. In the rural sections of the state, ERA workers built thousands of privies. The North Carolina State Board of Health worked to design a more sanitary privy that minimized health hazards. In an effort to oust malaria, a drainage program was also carried on under the supervision of the North Carolina State Board of Health, cooperating with the United States Public Health Service. Practically all of the work consisted of draining swamps, ponds and other breeding areas of malarial carriers thereby removing the source of malaria transmission from centers of population. Deaths from malaria decreased significantly in those counties that participated in these programs. Under the CWA, 93,278 acres of swampland were drained and an additional 25,044 acres were drained under the ERA. Miles of electric and gas conduits were installed and filtration plants and pumping stations were built or repaired.

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